Tuesday, February 6, 2007

ABORIGINAL DOT PAINTING

Aboriginal Dot Painting is a popular art lesson classic suitable for learners of all ages as it features an irresistable combination of music, art, culture and history.

The beauty of this subject is that the lesson engages learners on a number of different levels - practical painting technique, cultural understanding, linking art with music, dance and storytelling, and getting their fingers nice & dirty in the process!

AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL DOT PAINTING
For beginners through to advanced level learners
3~4 hours contact time in class, extra time for research/homework
Lesson Aims:
  • Students will be able to select colours, mix paint, make a preliminary sketch, complete an authentic aboriginal artwork.
  • Students will understand the origin of motifs, colours, storylines in aboriginal art.
  • Students will be able to connect aboriginal art with its other cultural traditions of music, dance, and storytelling.
Materials:
  • Aboriginal music or video.
  • B/W photocopies of aboriginal symbols.
  • B/W photocopies of a real aboriginal painting.
  • Sketching paper or thin card for B/W draft - about 40cm x 25cm.
  • Watercolour paper for final draft artwork - about 60cm x 40cm.
  • Black marker pens, watercolour or acrylic paints, sponges for dab effects etc.
In Class Lesson Stages:
  1. As a lead-in my students respond really well to closing their eyes as they listen to real aboriginal music and imagining they are an eagle flying over the Australian Outback. What did you see? How far did you go? What animals came into your mind? In the course of introducing the people, the country, and their traditions you can reveal how each sound from the didgeridoo depicts the sound of a distinct animal - a snake, a fish, a crocodile, an emu. This visualisation exercise will help when they come to start their first draft sketch.
  2. A short video of aboriginal dancing features at the end of this lesson plan.
  3. Students speculate in groups on the meaning of common symbols in aboriginal art as per 'Aboriginal Symbols' worksheet pictured below. Which symbolize a kangaroo, a boomerang, a waterhole, footprints, and the sun, rain, and moon?
  4. At the end of the first session students annotate a B/W copy of a real aboriginal painting and identify which lines/dots/patterns symbolize what. Students should also understand the following elements of design - contrast, colour choice (how did the aborigines find paint? why are coours of nature prevalent?) Show other examples of aboriginal paintings.
  5. The next session begins with a first draft in B/W. Students should select a unifying 'theme' for their artwork - the hunt, the dance, animals, nature, tools & weapons, food are all good subjects. Allow students to progress to their final larger colour draft when they have clearly demonstrated an understanding of colour, line, pattern, contrast, theme.
  6. Two sessions should be devoted to the final draft. Show students how to use sponges, fingertips, brushes, and combs to create authentic painterly effects. Monitor students as they work - paying careful attention to the 'tightness' of their patterns and the relatively 'minimal' use of colour. I find that my students really get into it when there's some music blasting out - which in this case should be funky didgeridoo.
  • Depending on the level of the students you could set a short essay on one of the following subjects: 1. The things I learned from creating an aboriginal artwork, 2. My critique of an aboriginal artwork, 3. How aboriginal art reflects the cultural and historical background of the aborigine people.
Evaluation and feedback should take place throughout each session in the form of peer evaluation (what do you think of each other's work?) and final evaluation in the form of a clear grading scale. For a project of this nature you could include such criteria as:

  • Originality 1-2-3-4-5
  • Authenticty 1-2-3-4-5
  • Elements of design - colour/line/pattern 1-2-3-4-5
  • Participation and level of completion 1-2-3-4-5
Total - /20

You can find USEFUL LINKS to music, dvds, books, and musical instruments in the bookstore 'Oliver's Free Art Lessons Recommended Resources Store' at the foot of this page - just scroll down...

Digg!




4 comments:

Lori K said...

Hi, love your blog. My brother has lived in Australia the last three years- I was inspired to try Aboriginal art with sixth grade this year and loved the results! I will blog the results this week on my link...or asap- please check it out. I think you will like the ideas as I love to tie into art history!

funart4kids.blogspot.com

KTP said...

Please do not use this lesson, it is offensive and inapproprate to teach Australian Indegenous art in this way. Please do some basic research into the correct way to teach Indigenous art to students without appropriating Indigenous cultures.
"complete an authentic aboriginal artwork." - completely inappropriate.
Instead of teaching students what "aboriginal symbols mean" perhaps teach them about the importance of sacred information and how Aboriginal art is part of sacred story telling, a lot of which they have no right to be privvy to.
Using the "unifying 'theme' for their artwork - the hunt, the dance, animals, nature, tools & weapons, food " is offensive as it shows that you see aboriginal art as only anthropological object and not something that exists in and interacts with modern society.

Instead of treating Aboriginal art as a relic of the past and as an "ethnic" anthropological artefact please teach it in a way that you might approach abstact modernism. Appreciate form, colour, shape, tone and all the principles and elements of design.

A simple, easy way to approach the teaching of Australian Indigenous art in practical art making is to either use materals OR concept. Do not try to do both at once.
So for materials you could grind ochre to make a paste and paint a western style portrait with it.
For concept you could think of a significant cultural events/places/rituals from each students backgrounds and find ways of depicting those.

Roksana Sultana said...

The Creation of Adam can be found on the ceiling of the famous Sistine Chapel in Rome. This famous painting was created by Michelangelo, who began working on the painting begun in the year 1508 and ended in 1512. The painting was commissioned by Pope Julius II. The Creation of Adam is one of the most popular works of art during the High Renaissance. http://www.wahooart.com

edward nortan said...

Hello!! I just came here to collecting some information on Aboriginal Art, because I heard it is very well-liked these days. If you have information on this dot painting art, please share your views here!!